Huang Ho Civilization
Early Chinese Civilization
According to Chinese legend, around 2000 B.C.E. Yü the Great drove out dragons and serpents
along the Huang Ho river. He then lowered the 'Great Flood' from the river so that people could
settle along it, and form the Xia kingdom. It is commonly believed thought that the Huang Ho
river valley was chosen for its rich soil, and the rise and lowering of the flood yearly. Some of the
earliest records of Chinese Civilization come from the Shang dynasty, which came to power in
1766 B.C.E. Their cities were pre-designed with a palace and a temple in the middle,  public
buildings and the homes of high government officials built around the palace, and the outer
district included workshops, burial grounds, and
the homes of the workers and lower class. The
people as early as the Shang dynasty worshipped
spirits in the mountains, rivers, seas, and other
such places. If the spirits became angry, you
would be likely to have a poor harvest, or lose a
battle. It was also believed that your ancestors
affected your fortune. So if you had very unlucky
ancestors, you would have to offer tributes to them
quite frequently to avoid having their luck.
Early Chinese Technology
The Chinese farming method was based around terrace
farming, in which the village is placed at the top of a hill, and
then the terraces run down the sides. As early as the Zhou
dynasty (1045 B.C.E.) The chinese had bronze farming tools,
weaponry, pottery, and bells. By the end of the Zhou dynasty,
weaponry has also advanced to the point where armies fought
with swords, spears, and gigantic crossbows powered by
cranks that pull back the string, and then release the bolt with
tremendous force. Mounted soldiers rode upon horses with
saddles and stirrups. Amongst other developments, they also
had a relatively interesting numbering system. It is based on
numbers to the power of ten, hundred, thousand, ten thousand,
and so on.
Map of Zhou Empire
Chinese numerical system example
Zhou Dynasty Bronze Bells
Zhou-Shang Dynasty carvings
Advanced numerical table